Low back pain affects millions of people and is quite common. Most often, it resolves on its own. In rare occasions, severe back pain can be a symptom of cauda equina syndrome, a serious neurologic condition in which damage to the cauda equina network of nerves causes loss of function of the spinal cord. Cauda equina syndrome can be caused by a variety of medical conditions including herniated disks, tumors, fractures or infections. The most common cause, however, is a prolapsed or herniated disk.
Prompt diagnosis of bacterial meningitis infection is crucial for best treatment outcomes. Death rates from bacterial meningitis are around 10% with up to 1/3 of survivors suffering long-term serious neurological complications. If diagnosed and treated early, most people recover well.
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Cleveland Clinic have restored significant bladder function through nerve regeneration in rats with severe spinal cord injuries.